Glossary

The following is a glossary of terms used throughout the site.

APELL The Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at Local Level (APELL) program is a process that helps people prevent, prepare for and respond appropriately to accidents and emergencies. APELL was developed by the United Nations Environment Programme, in partnership with industry associations, communities and governments following several major industrial accidents that had serious impacts on human health and the environment. APELL is now being implemented in over 30 countries around the world.

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Biodiversity The variation of life forms within a given ecosystem. Biodiversity is often used as a measure of the health of biological systems.

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Carbon Disclosure Project An independent not-for-profit organization aiming to create a lasting relationship between shareholders and corporations regarding the implications for shareholder value and commercial operations presented by climate change. Its goal is to facilitate a dialogue, supported by quality information, from which a rational response to climate change will emerge.

Carbon-In-Leach (CIL) The technique of recovering dissolved gold from ore that has undergone milling and agitated leaching by introducing activated carbon directly into the leach tanks.

Carbon-In-Pulp (CIP) The technique of recovering dissolved gold from ore that has undergone milling and agitated leaching by absorbing the gold onto activated carbon in separate tanks after leaching.

Cyanide A chemical compound that consists of a carbon atom triple-bonded to a nitrogen atom. It is used in diluted form to liberate metals from the gold and silver ores.

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Doré An unrefined gold intermediate product that generally contains silver and may contain minor amounts of other metals.

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Greenhouse Gas Insulating gases such as carbon dioxide that reduce the rate at which the earth loses heat into space.

Groundwater Water held underground in the soil, or rock pores and crevices.

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Intensity The number of units of an indicator being measured that are consumed or produced for each unit of production.

ISO The International Organization for Standardization, widely known as ISO, is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations. ISO 14001 is a standard for environmental management systems that has been developed by ISO.

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Kinross For greater certainty, and as the context requires, the term “Kinross” also includes its subsidiaries and affiliates.

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Lost-Time Injury An injury where an employee is unable to work the next scheduled shift due to the effects of the injury.

Lost-Time Injury Frequency Rate The number of lost-time injuries per 200,000 person hours worked, representing the average number of hours worked by 100 people during a year.

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Medical Treatment Case An incident where an employee requires medical treatment but is able to work the next scheduled shift.

Medical-Treatment Frequency Rate The number of medical treatment cases per 200,000 person hours worked.

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Notice of Violation An official written notification from a regulatory agency stating that a violation of a regulation or permit condition has occurred.

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OHSAS 18001 An occupational health and safety assessment series for health and safety management systems. It is intended to help organizations control and reduce occupational health and safety risks.

Ore Metal-bearing rock or mineral valuable enough to be mined and processed.

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Quilombola A minority group in Brazil who are the descendants of slaves who escaped from plantations before the abolition of slavery before the 19th century.

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Reclamation The process of restoring land disturbed by mining activities to other productive uses. It typically includes demolition and salvage of structures, disposal of wastes, recontouring and revegetation, water treatment and property management, and maintenance.

Restricted Work Activity An incident where the employee returns to work on the next scheduled shift, although the employee’s work is modified to accommodate the injury.

Restricted Work Activity Frequency Rate The number of restricted-work activity cases per 200,000 person hours worked.

Reportable Release Major spills and releases that are required to be reported to the applicable national regulatory agency or have the potential to affect human health or the environment.

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SA8000 An international standard for improving working conditions. Based on the principles of 13 international human rights conventions, it is a tool to help apply these norms to practical work-life situations. The SA8000 standard is used to audit companies and contractors alike in multiple industries and countries. It was the first auditable social standard.

Stakeholders People or groups of people who have an interest in the activities of Kinross, including shareholders, employees and their families, contractors, suppliers, customers, the communities near mining operations, legislative representatives, regulatory personnel and interested non-governmental organizations.

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Tailings The residue from ore processing that includes ore particles ground to the consistency of sand. Tailings are normally impounded by a dam.

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Waste Rock Uneconomic country rock that is mined to access the ore. Waste rock is normally placed in piles.

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